Q. If a person prayed before the time out of ignorance, what is the ruling?
A. The prayer of a person before the stated time does not suffice him as the obligatory prayer, because Allah, the Most High says:
إِنَّ الصَّلاَةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَّوْقُوتًا
Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours. (An-Nisa 4:103)
The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam made these times clear in his words:
“The time of Dhuhr is when the sun begins to decline from its zenith” (Reported by Al Bukhari)
-up to the end of the hadeeth.
Accordingly, whoever performed a prayer before its stated time, it will not suffice him as the obligatory prayer. Instead it will be considered a supererogatory prayer, meaning that it will be rewarded with the reward of a supererogatory prayer for that prayer, and he must repeat the prayer once the time for it has begun. And Allah knows best.
Transcribed from: Fatawa Arkan-ul-Islam | Islamic Verdicts on the Pillars of Islam | Volume 2 | Shaykh Uthaymeen