The scholars agree that Allāh (subhanahu wa ta’ala) did not send from the heavens to the earth a better reminder or a stronger admonition than contemplation and knowledge. The human being should contemplate that Allāh (subhanahu wa ta’ala), the All-Mighty, the All-High is watching him, and that – praise be to Him (subhanahu wa ta’ala) – He knows everything that is hidden and which is disclosed. The scholars demonstrated that great admonition by an example which makes the conceivable as tangible – Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) has the Most Superior example – they said:
If we suppose there is a king who never spares anybody from being killed, a king who is strong and firm, his executioner under his command, with blood shed on the floor, and the king has his daughters and wives around, can anybody think of seducing them or commit a crime at that moment while the king is looking at him? No, of course not. Every one of those present would be full of fright, with their eyes silently gazing, waiting for the moment to be far away from this place to safety.
No doubt Allāh (subhanahu wa ta’ala) who is the Most Superior example is most highly Informed and All-Knowing, than that king. He would be more severe in punishment. His sacred boundaries on the earth are His Commands. If the residents of a village know that their governor would know in the morning of every single deed they committed during the night, they would be fearful and would commit no sins.
Allāh (subhanahu wa ta’ala)- praise be to Him – explained the wisdom for which He (subhanahu wa ta’ala) has created the universe:
“…In order that We may test them [mankind] as to which of them are best in conduct…” (al-Kahf 18:7)
In the beginning of Surah Hud, He (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says: “He it is who has created the heavens and the earth in Six Days – and His Throne was over the waters – that He might try you, which of you is best in conduct.” He (subhanahu wa ta’ala) did not say ‘which of you is better in conduct.’
In Surat Al-Mulk:
“He Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving.” (al-Mulk 67:2)
These two Ayāhs above explain what is meant by: I have only created jinn and men, that they may worship Me (51:56). As the creation of the universe was meant to put man to a test, Jibreel (alayhi salaam) – may peace be upon him – wished to show the people the path to succeed in that test, so he said to the Prophet (salAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam): ‘Tell me about ‘Ihsān (perfect action).” (And that is the test the universe is created for). The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam explained that the way to ‘Ihsān (perfect action) is through the great admonition and grand preaching. He said: “It is to worship Allah as though you are seeing Him, and while you cannot see Him, He sees you. ” You do not turn a page in the glorious book, but that you find this great reminder.
“It was We Who Created man, and We know what suggestions his soul makes to him: for We are nearer to him than [his] jugular vein [by Our Knowledge].” (Qaf 50:16)
“Not a word does he [or she] utter but there is a vigilant Guardian.” (Qaf 50:18)
“Then surely, We shall narrate unto them [their whole story] with knowledge, and indeed We have not been absent.” (A’raf 7:7)
“Neither you [O Muhammad] do any deed nor recite any portion of the Qur’an – nor you [mankind] do any deed [good or evil] but We are Witness thereof, when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from your Rabb [so much as] the weight of an atom [or small ant] on the earth or in the heaven. Not what is less than that or what is greater than that but is [written] in a Clear Record.” (Yunus 10:61)
“No doubt! They did fold up their breasts, that they may hide from Him. Surely, even when they cover themselves with their garments, He knows what they conceal and what they reveal. Verily, He is the All-Knower of the [innermost secrets] of the breasts.” (Hud 11:5)
There are many such Ayāhs in the Qur’an.
- Transcribed from: Islam – The Perfect Religion | Shaykh Muhammad Al-Ameen Al-Shinqeeti